Information and results
We already know that modern East Asians are very closely related to each other and can only hardly be distinguished from each other. We also know that the populations of Siberia and Central Asia (such as Turkic, Mongolic, Tungusic, Yeniseian, Uralic speakers as well as other various Paleo-Siberians), Southeast Asia and Polynesia (such as Austronesians, Austroasiatic, Kra-Dai, Hmong-Mien, and some others), and Native Americans (various groups) are closely related and can be traced back to an ancestral population somewhere in East Asia (southern China or nearby regions). Western anthropologists have called our people after the Mongolians → “Mongoloid”. Other western geneticists came up with a new geographical term “East-Eurasian”. It is not important how they call us or what term is preferred, but it is important to know and recognize our relation (genetically, culturally and linguistically) and to remember our shared ancestry.

我们已经知道,现代东亚人彼此关系非常密切,很难区分。我们也知道西伯利亚和中亚的人口(如突厥人、蒙古人、通古斯人、叶尼塞人、乌拉尔人以及其他各种各样的古西伯利亚人)、东南亚和波利尼西亚人(如南岛人、奥斯特拉西亚人、克拉克-戴人、汉蒙-米恩人以及其他一些人)和美洲原住民(各种各样的群体) 关系密切,可以追溯到东亚某个地方(中国南部或附近地区)的一个祖先群体。西方在接触到蒙古人之后,其人类学家把我们的民族称为蒙古人种(Mongoloid)。其他西方遗传学家提出了一个新的地理术语“东方-欧亚”。 他们如何称呼我们或喜欢用什么术语并不重要,重要的是了解和认识我们之间的关系(基因上、文化上和语言上),并记住我们共同的祖先。

Some of you, dear readers, may know about the debate regarding human origins, noteworthy the Out-of-Africa theory and the multiregional origin theory. Most recently, the serious errors regarding genetics, archeology and shared alleles/mutations and SNP data, have shown up the flaws of the western supporter “Out-of-Africa” theory. These errors caused some western scholars to propose a “advanced version”, in which they suggest a multi-regional origin within Africa.
But most recently, several Chinese studies have revealed strong evidence for the multiregional origin of modern human populations outside of Africa.

The Central South University (CSU; 中南 大学) published two recent studies in 2019 and 2020 which support the multiregional origin theory. They found that the new genetic data is in contradiction with the Out-of-Africa theory and concluded that this evidence refute it completely.

Huang additionally found that there was a much more complicated history of ancient human migration. Distinctive East Asian lineages are found at low frequency in populations of Africa and Europe. Especially the Khoisan macro-groups have unusual high East Asian like lineages which may explain certain physical features. He further notes that the three human ancestry groups share probably less than 12% of total genome, which additionally contradicts a single origin in Africa. The highest genetic diversity was found in modern day India, which harbors all three human ancestry cluster in varying degrees.


The wider East Asian clade (East-Eurasian) is also known as Mongoloid “race” by early Westerners and anthropologists. These populations share specific autosomal DNA and SNP data, which helps to make a graphical distribution of these populations and their associated ancestry and ancestral genome.

更广泛的东亚分支(东欧亚)也被早期西方人和人类学家称为蒙古人种。 这些种群共享特定的常染色体DNA和SNP数据,这有助于绘制这些种群及其相关祖先基因组的图形分布。



The Yellow river is seen as the homeland of the early Han Chinese and the much larger Sino-Tibetan ethno-linguistic group.
Distinctive Han Chinese culture can be dated back to 7,000 BC, to the so called Jiahu culture. Early evidence for proto-Chinese millet agriculture is radiocarbon-dated to about 7000 BC.
The Neolithic age in China can be traced back to about 10,000 BC. Along the central reaches of the Yellow River were the Jiahu culture (c. 7000 to 6600 BCE), the Yangshao culture (c. 5000 to 3000 BCE) and the Longshan culture (c. 3000 to 2000 BCE). Along the lower reaches of the river were the Qingliangang culture (c. 5400 to 4000 BCE), the Dawenkou culture (c. 4300 to 2500 BCE), and the Yueshi culture (c. 1900 to 1500 BCE).


The archaeological site of Xihoudu in Shanxi Province has evidence of use of fire, which is dated 1.27 million years ago.
The oldest human remains were recently found in East Asia (central China) and display continuity to modern East Asians and Southeast Asians. See: Archaic human remains from Hualongdong, China, and Middle Pleistocene human continuity and variation
The Han Chinese trace a common ancestry to the Huaxia, the initial confederation of agricultural tribes living along the Yellow River. The term Huaxia refers to the collective Neolithic confederation of agricultural tribes Hua and Xia who settled along the Central Plains around the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River in Northern China. The tribes were the ancestors of the modern Han Chinese people that gave birth to Chinese civilization. In addition, the term Huaxia (literally "the civilized Xia people") was distinctively used to represent a 'civilized' ethnic group in contrast to what was perceived as 'barbaric' foreigners around them

The civilizational prosperity of the Xia dynasty at this time is thought to have given rise to the name "Huaxia" (simplified Chinese: 华夏; traditional Chinese: 華夏; pinyin: Huá Xià, "the magnificent Xia"), a term that was used ubiquitously throughout history to define the Chinese nation, ethnicity and culture.

Recent linguistic, genetic and archaeological evidence suggests that the earliest Turkic peoples descended from agricultural communities in Northeast China who moved westwards into Mongolia in the late 3rd millennium BC, where they adopted a pastoral lifestyle.


最近的语言、遗传和考古证据表明,最早的突厥人起源于中国东北的农业社区(agricultural communities),他们在公元前3千年晚期向西迁移到蒙古,在那里他们过着乡村牧歌的生活(a pastoral lifestyle)。

Uralic (Uralo-Siberian) expansion:
Uralic peoples expanded from an area between the Ob and Yenisei drainage in Central Siberia or near Lake Baikal. They brought Siberian/East Asian ancestry into parts of Europe.
In 2019, a study based on genetics, archaeology and linguistics found that Uralic speakers arrived in the Baltic region from the East, specifically from Siberia, at the beginning of the Iron Age some 2,500 years ago.



Austronesian and Austroasiatic expansion:
Austroasiatic rice farmers expanded from southern China and modern day Laos and northern Vietnam into several regions of Southeast Asia and also India, starting at already 8,000 years ago. Austroasiatic rice agriculturalists from East Asia dominated Southeast Asia since about 6,000 years ago, and had also impact on eastern Indians.
Austronesians from Taiwan expanded into Southeast Asia in about 4,000 years ago and fastly dominated most of Southeast Asia. Austronesians also reached all of the Polynesian islands, America and Africa. They left noteworthy East Asian like ancestry in Madagascar and certain regions of Africa (coastal areas).